//Veg Biryani Recipe | Hyderabadi Veg Dum Biryani

Veg Biryani Recipe | Hyderabadi Veg Dum Biryani

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Authentic Vegetable biryani recipe that tastes awesome and so good. One of my most popular recipes on the blog is this Biryani recipe from the Hyderabadi Cuisine. This delish recipe has been tried by many readers over the span of 10 years with great results.

One of our favorite rice based dish is this Hyderabadi dum biryani made with mix veggies, spices, yogurt and a lot of love. For every kid their mom’s cooking is the best and so it is with me. My mother makes the best biryani with oodles of love, patience and care. No wonder the biryani she makes is so good.

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veg biryani, biryani recipe, hyderabadi veg biryani recipeveg biryani, biryani recipe, hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

In fact one has to make biryani with patience, care and attention to detail. There should be no hurry and cooking a biryani takes up time but worth it. When you take a bite into the morsel of biryani, you realize what a great dish it is. Yes, indeed biryani is a royal rice dish from the Indian cuisine.

Biryani – What it is?

In simple words Biryani is a rice and curry casserole. The curry can be meat based or vegetable based. Much like some baked pasta dishes, the rice is semi-cooked and layered with the curry later to be baked or cooked till the rice is completely done and the gravy has been absorbed by the rice.

Biryani is also spelled as Biriyani and is popular not only in India but in South Asia as well. In the Indian Cuisine, specifically in the North Indian cuisine, the traditional biryani is made with the dum pukht method of slow cooking.

Of course nowadays many home cooks even bake the biryani. In the step by step process shots, I have explained both the dum cooking and oven baking methods – so that you can choose what suits you.

What is dum pukht?

Dum pukht also known as dum cooking is a technique of slow cooking food in sealed pots thereby not allowing any steam to pass. The result is that the food gets cooked in its own steam. Literally the meaning of “Dum Pukht” is choking off the steam.

The food is kept in a pan or pot which is then sealed tightly using wheat flour dough. Usually clay pots (also known as “handi” in India) are used while making biryani.

Sealing the lid and the pot tightly with wheat flour dough does not allow the steam to pass. The food gets cooked in its own steam and juices on a slow fire infusing the flavors and aroma of its own herbs and spices in the food. Nutrients are not lost in this process and thus the food is nutritious too.

This tradition of dum pukht originated in Persia where the dish was prepared, sealed and then buried in hot sand to mature. Dum pukht is part of the Awadhi cuisine which is from the city of Lucknow – Uttar Pradesh. Dum pukht method is also used in Hyderabadi, Mughlai and Punjabi cuisines.

How is Biryani made?

Like I have mentioned above a biryani is made by making separate layers of the gravy and rice. In some variations, the rice or gravy is topped with fried onions (also known birista). Fragrant ingredients like rose water, pandanus extract (kewra water) and saffron infused milk or water is also sprinkled from the top.

This entire layer of the semi-cooked rice and gravy with the various toppings is then dum cooked. Authentically and traditionally a biryani is always slow cooked on dum. This cooking on dum gives the biriyani its uniqueness and originality. This is how the biryani has the beautiful medley of the aromas, flavors and tastes from the variety of ingredients added in it.

Hyderabadi veg dum biryani recipe

Hyderabadi veg dum biryani recipe

Biryani Variations

Throughout India, you will find many avatars of Biryani. Though mostly biryani is layered and cooked but you will also find one pot biryani dishes, specifically in southern parts of India. Here the biryani is cooked much like the way a pulao is made by adding all the ingredients in a pot and cooking them.

Biryani, though usually made with meat is also made with seafood, eggs, paneer (cottage cheese), mushrooms and vegetables. In some versions of biryani, the curry or gravy is made with both eggs and vegetables or meat and vegetables.

The spices, aromatics, flavoring ingredients also differ widely from state to state in India. Example in South India you will see the addition of curry leaves, black pepper, coconut milk, coriander leaves etc. So no two biryani dishes will taste the same.

I have shared some popular vegetarian biryani variations and these too have been liked by the readers.

About this Vegetable Biryani Recipe

This Hyderabadi biryani recipe is one of the best biryani I make. I also cook my mom’s version and that too turns out great. There are hundreds of variations of making biryani each having their own unique taste and flavor.

This vegetable biryani recipe is light, a bit spicy and super delicious. The subtle flavors of the garam masala, onions and curd are so infused in the vegetables. Each bite of the vegetable had the taste, flavor and aroma of the masala as well as the unique taste of that veggie.

All I can say is that each bite of this Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe is heavenly. This veg biryani recipe post is one of my lengthy post with a lot of pictures. I have included step by step recipe details with pictures for this post. I hope you enjoy making this recipe as much as I enjoy making this biryani. I also hope that these pictures inspire you to cook not only biryani but any recipe.

Tips for making perfect Biryani

  • Ingredients: As far as the ingredients are concerned, it is best to use all the ingredients as mentioned in the recipe.
  • Rice: To make a biryani firstly you need good quality basmati rice – preferably aged basmati rice. Biryani is not mushy and the rice grains remain separate in the dish.
  • Sella Basmati Rice: I also make biryani with parboiled basmati rice (known as sella basmati rice in Hindi and converted basmati rice outside India) and it works wonderfully and much better than aged basmati rice.Biryani made with sella basmati rice is has restaurant style flavors as many hotels and restaurants in India use this rice for making biryani as well as other rice based dishes.
  • Cooking of rice: The rice grains are boiled till they are ¾ cooked. The rice grains will have a slight bite to them and will be slightly undercooked. Do not cook the rice 100% as then they will become mushy by the time the biryani is dum cooked.
  • Spices: The lovely fragrance and aroma in a biryani comes from using whole spices. Thus the spices need to be fresh and in good condition.
  • Curd (Yogurt): The curry is made with yogurt and so it is important that the yogurt must be fresh and not sour. The curd or yogurt should also be made from whole milk. Do not use fat free yogurt or curd made from toned milk as it will split while cooking.
  • Biryani gravy: The curry or gravy for the biryani should have a medium to medium-thick consistency. It should not be watery like a stock or broth as this will lead to the rice becoming mushy or very soft after dum cooking.
  • Serving Suggestions: Biryani is usually accompanied with a raita (yogurt dip). The raita can be a simple onion raita or made with a mix of onion, tomatoes and cucumber. In Hyderabad, biryani is served with mirchi ka salan (green chilli curry) and raita. You can even serve biryani with a soupy gravy known as shorba gravy.

How to make Hyderabadi Veg Biryani

1. Pick and rinse 1.5 cups (300 grams) basmati rice in running water till the water runs clear of starch. Soak the rice in water for 30 minutes.

rice for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

rice for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

2. After 30 minutes drain the rice and keep aside.

rice for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

rice for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

3. When the rice is soaking prep the other ingredients. Rinse, peel and chop the veggies.

  • I have used 3 cups mixed veggies including green peas. You can use your choice of mixed vegetables.
  • Slice 1 large onion thinly (about 1 heaped cup thinly sliced onion).
  • Finely chop or crush 10 grams ginger (2 pieces of 2 inch ginger or 1.5 tbsp finely chopped ginger).
  • Finely chop or crush 5 grams garlic (10 to 12 medium garlic cloves or 1 tbsp finely chopped garlic).
  • Slit 3 to 4 green chilies also.
  • Chop coriander leaves and mint leaves. You should get ⅓ cup each of chopped coriander leaves and mint leaves.

vegetables for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

vegetables for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

Cooking rice for veg biryani

4. Now we need to cook the rice. For cooking rice, you can use any method – microwave, pressure cooking or cooking in a pot. For cooking rice in a pot, take a deep bottomed pan. Add 5 cups water and heat the water on a high flame.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

5. When the water becomes hot, add all the spices and ½ tsp salt – 1 tej patta (Indian bay leaf), 3 green cardamoms, 3 cloves, 1 black cardamom, 1 inch cinnamon and 2 single strands of mace.

spices for veg biryani recipe

spices for veg biryani recipe

6. Bring the water to a boil on a high flame.

water for Hyderabadi vegetable biryani recipe

water for Hyderabadi vegetable biryani recipe

7. Then add the rice.

rice for veg biryani recipe

rice for veg biryani recipe

8. Just gently stir with a spoon or fork, after you add the rice. Check the taste of water and it should taste slightly salty. If the water is not tasting slightly salty, then add some more salt.

rice for veg biryani recipe

rice for veg biryani recipe

9. Do not reduce the flame and continue to cook the rice.

rice for veg biryani recipe

rice for veg biryani recipe

10. The rice has to be ¾ᵗʰ cooked. The grains should have a slight bite to them when cooked. The rice should not be fully cooked but almost cooked.

rice for veg biryani recipe

rice for veg biryani recipe

11. Drain the rice in a colander. You can also rinse the rice gently with water so that the grains stop cooking.

rice for veg biryani recipe

rice for veg biryani recipe

Making vegetable biryani gravy

12. In a pressure cooker or a pan, heat 3 tablespoons ghee. Add the following spices – 1 tsp shah jeera (caraway seeds), 1 tej patta, 3 green cardamoms, 3 cloves, 1 black cardamom, 1 inch cinnamon. Sauté the whole spices till they crackle.

spices for veg biryani recipe

spices for veg biryani recipe

13. Now add the sliced onions.

onions for veg dum biryani recipe

onions for veg dum biryani recipe

14. Stir and sauté them on a low to medium flame.

onions for veg biryani recipe

onions for veg biryani recipe

15. Onions take a lot of time to cook, so add a pinch of salt to quicken the cooking process.

onions for veg biryani recipe

onions for veg biryani recipe

16. When the onions are cooking, take 1 cup fresh curd/yogurt (200 grams) in a bowl. Beat the curd with a spoon or whisk till it becomes smooth.

curd for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

curd for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

17. Sauté the onions till they become golden brown or caramelize.

onions for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

onions for Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

18. Then add the ginger-garlic paste and sliced green chillies. You can also finely chop the ginger-garlic and add.

ginger for veg biryani recipe

ginger for veg biryani recipe

19. Sauté till the raw aroma of ginger-garlic goes away.

ginger for veg biryani recipe

ginger for veg biryani recipe

20. Add the turmeric and red chili powder. Stir and mix well.

turmeric for veg biryani recipe

turmeric for veg biryani recipe

21. Next add the chopped veggies.

vegetables for veg dum biryani recipe

vegetables for veg dum biryani recipe

21. Sauté for a minute or two.

making Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

making Hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

22. Add the beaten yogurt/curd. Stir.

curd for veg biryani recipe

curd for veg biryani recipe

23. Then add ½ cup of water.

water for veg biryani recipe

water for veg biryani recipe

24. Season with salt. Stir again.

salt for veg biryani recipe

salt for veg biryani recipe

25. Pressure cook for 1 whistle on medium flame. If cooking in a pot, then cook till the veggies are done. Don’t overcook the vegetables. when the pressure settles down on its own, remove the lid and check the gravy.

  • If the vegetables are not cooked well, then keep the cooker on the stove top and simmer the vegetable biryani gravy without the lid, till the vegetables are cooked.
  • If there is too much water or stock in the gravy, then simmer till some water dries up. The veg biryani gravy should have a medium or slightly thick consistency and should not be watery.

vegetables for veg biryani recipe

vegetables for veg biryani recipe

26. Add cashews, raisins and almonds (blanched or raw) to the vegetable gravy. Mix and stir. Keep aside. Do check the salt. Add more if required.

cashews for veg biryani recipe

cashews for veg biryani recipe

27. When the veggies are cooking, warm 4 to 5 tablespoon milk in a microwave or in a small pan on the stove top. Add ¼ teaspoon of saffron strands. Stir and keep aside.

saffron for veg biryani recipe

saffron for veg biryani recipe

Assembling & Layering

29. Now in a thick bottomed pan, layer half of the gravy first.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

30. Then layer half of the rice.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

31. Sprinkle half of the chopped coriander, mint leaves and saffron milk. At this point you can even add ⅓ cup of golden fried onions (birista) if you have these.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

32. Layer the remaining gravy.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

33. Layer the remainder of the rice. Sprinkle the remaining coriander, mint leaves, saffron milk on the top. Sprinkle 2 teaspoon of rose water or kewra water (pandanus extract). You can make 2 layers or 4 layers like I have done. But do remember that rice should be the top layer.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

2 methods to dum cook veg biryani

Method 1

34. Seal and secure the pot with aluminium foil.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

35. Then cover the pan/pot with a tight fitting lid.

biryani pan covered with lid

biryani pan covered with lid

Method 2

36. You can also seal the pan (handi) with a moist cotton cloth.

veg biryani covered with wet cloth

veg biryani covered with wet cloth

37. Then keep a lid on top.

lid on top of veg biryani

lid on top of veg biryani

38. Then keep a heavy weight on the lid.

weight on lid for veg biryani

weight on lid for veg biryani

39. Take a tava (griddle/skillet) and heat it on medium flame. You can begin to preheat the tava when you start assembling the veg biryani.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

40. When the tawa becomes hot, then lower the flame. Keep the sealed veg biryani pan on the tava. Keep the flame to the lowest and cook veg biryani for 25 to 30 minutes. You can also dum cook veg biryani for the first 15 minutes on direct low flame and then for the last 10 minutes, place the handi on the hot tava and cook on a low flame.

making veg biryani recipe

making veg biryani recipe

For baking biryani

41. You could also preheat the oven to 180 degree celsius and then bake the vegetable biryani in a preheated oven for 30 to 35 minutes. Please remember to use an oven proof glass utensil like the pyrex bowl for baking in the oven. You will have to assemble the biryani as mentioned above in the oven proof utensil. Cover with aluminium foil or the pyrex bowl lid and then bake.

42. After 25 to 30 minutes, switch off the flame. Give a standing time of 5 to 7 minutes and then serve the dum biryani.

Hyderabadi veg biryani

Hyderabadi veg biryani

42. While serving the veg biryani, make sure you equally serve the vegetables as well as rice layers. Here is a photo of the layers inside.

layers of the Hyderabadi veg biryani

layers of the Hyderabadi veg biryani

43. Serve this delicious Hyderabadi veg biryani with your choice of raita, onion-tomato salad (kuchumber), mango pickle, roasted papad. Other accompaniments for this Hyderabadi vegetable biryani are mirchi ka salan and shorba gravy.

Hyderabadi vegetable biryani

Hyderabadi vegetable biryani

Note: This veg biryani recipe is from the archives (July 15, 2010) and has been republished and updated on 3 Augu 2020.


Many of my recipes have detailed step by step photos and useful tips to help you make it easily and perfectly.

Veg Biryani (Hyderabadi Vegetable Dum Biryani)

A vegetable biryani recipe from the land of the nawabs – Hyderabad. The Hyderabadi vegetable biryani recipe is light, a bit spiced, aromatic and deliciously yum.

vegetable biryani, hyderabadi veg biryani recipevegetable biryani, hyderabadi veg biryani recipe

Servings (change the number to scale):5

(1 CUP = 250 ML)

preparation

  • Pick and rinse basmati rice in running water till the water runs clear of starch. Soak the rice in 1 cup of water for 30 minutes.

  • After 30 minutes drain the rice and keep aside.

  • When the rice is soaking prep all the veggies and other ingredients. Keep aside.

cooking rice

  • Take a deep bottomed pan. Add 5 cups water and heat the water on a high flame.

  • When the water becomes hot, add all the spices and ½ tsp salt – 1 tej patta, 3 green cardamoms, 3 cloves, 1 black cardamom, 1 inch cinnamon, 2 single strands of mace.

  • Bring the water to a boil. Then add the rice.

  • Just gently stir with a spoon or fork, after you add the rice.

  • Do not reduce the flame and continue to cook the rice.

  • The rice has to be 75% or ¾th cooked. The grains should have a slight bite to them when cooked. The rice should not be fully cooked but almost cooked.

  • Drain the rice in a colander. Gently fluff and keep aside.

making vegetable biryani gravy

  • In a pressure cooker or a pan, heat 3 tbsp ghee. Add the following spices – 1 tsp shah jeera, 1 tej patta, 3 green cardamoms, 3 cloves, 1 black cardamom, 1 inch cinnamon. Sauté the garam masala till they crackle.

  • Now add the onions. Stir and sauté them on a low to medium flame.

  • Onions take a lot of time to cook, so add a pinch of salt to quicken the cooking process.

  • When the onions are cooking, take 1 cup fresh curd/yogurt in a bowl. Beat the curd with a spoon or whisk till it become smooth.

  • Sauté the onions till they become golden brown or caramelize.

  • Then add the ginger-garlic paste and sliced green chillies. You can also finely chop the ginger-garlic and add.

  • Sauté till the raw aroma of ginger-garlic goes away.

  • Add the turmeric and red chili powder. Stir and mix well.

  • Next add the chopped veggies. Sauté for a minute or two.

  • Add the yogurt. Stir. Then add water.

  • Season with salt. Stir again.

  • Pressure cook for 1 whistle on medium flame. If cooking in a pot, then cook till the vegetables are done. Don’t over cook the vegetables.

  • Warm 4 to 5 tbsp milk in a microwave or in a small pan on the stove top. Add ¼ tsp of saffron strands. Stir and keep aside.

  • When the pressure settles down on its own, remove the lid and check the gravy. If the vegetables are not cooked well, then keep the cooker on the stove top and simmer the vegetable biryani gravy without the lid, till the vegetables are cooked. If there is too much of water or stock in the gravy, then simmer till some water dries up. The veg biryani gravy should have a medium or slightly thick consistency and should not be watery.

  • Now add cashews, raisins and almonds (blanched or raw) to the vegetable gravy. Mix and stir. Keep aside. Do check the salt. Add more if required.

layering and making veg biryani

  • Now in a thick bottomed pan, layer half of the veg biryani gravy first.

  • Then layer half of the rice.

  • Sprinkle half of the chopped coriander, mint leaves and saffron milk.

  • Layer the remaining veg biryani gravy.

  • Layer the remainder of the rice. Sprinkle the remaining coriander, mint leaves, saffron milk on the top. Sprinkle 2 tsp of rose water or kewra water. You can make 2 layers or 4 layers like I have done. But do remember that rice should be the last layer.

dum cooking veg biryani

  • Now seal and secure the pot with aluminium foil. Then cover with a lid. You can also seal the handi with a moist cotton cloth and then cover with the lid.

  • Take a tava/griddle and heat it on medium flame.

  • When the tawa become hot, then lower the flame. Keep the sealed veg biryani handi on the tava. Keep the flame to the lowest and cook for 25-30 minutes. You can also dum cook veg biryani for the first 15 minutes on direct low flame and then for the last 10 minutes, place the handi on the hot tava and cook on a low flame.

  • Once done, give a standing time of 5 to 7 minutes and then serve.

  • While serving, make sure you equally serve the vegetables as well as rice.

  • Serve the delicious hyderabadi veg biryani with your choice of raita, onion salad, mango pickle, roasted papad. other accompaniments for this biryani are mirchi ka salan and veg shorba gravy.

For baking veg biryani

  1. You could also preheat the oven to 180 degree celsius and then bake the veg biryani in the oven for 20-25 minutes.
  2. Please remember to use an oven proof glass utensil like the pyrex bowl for baking in the oven.
  3. You will have to assemble the vegetable biryani as mentioned above in the oven proof utensil and then bake it.

Nutrition Facts

Veg Biryani (Hyderabadi Vegetable Dum Biryani)

Amount Per Serving

Calories 457 Calories from Fat 126

% Daily Value*

Fat 14g22%

Saturated Fat 6g38%

Monounsaturated Fat 2g

Cholesterol 26mg9%

Sodium 374mg16%

Potassium 719mg21%

Carbohydrates 72g24%

Fiber 7g29%

Sugar 9g10%

Protein 12g24%

Vitamin A 3955IU79%

Vitamin C 39.6mg48%

Calcium 151mg15%

Iron 3.1mg17%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.


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